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Geneva Study Notes
Zechariah Chapter 4

Zechariah 4:2
4:2 And said to me, What seest thou? And I said, I have looked,
    and behold a {a} lamp stand all [of] gold, with a bowl upon
    the top of it, and its seven lamps, and seven {b} pipes to
    the seven lamps, which [were] upon the top of it:

    (a) Which was ever in the midst of the temple, signifying
        that the graces of God's Spirit would shine, here in
        most abundance, and in all perfection.
    (b) Which conveyed the oil that dropped from the trees into
        the lamps, so that the light never went out: and this
        vision was to strengthen and encourage the faithful that
        God had sufficient power in himself to continue his
        graces, and to bring his promise to pass even though he
        had no help from man.

Zechariah 4:6
4:6 Then he answered and spoke to me, saying, This [is] the word
    of the LORD to {c} Zerubbabel, saying, Not by {d} might, nor
    by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts.

    (c) Who was a figure of Christ, and therefore this doctrine
        was directed to all the Church who are his body and
        members.
    (d) He shows that God's power alone is sufficient to
        preserve his Church, even though he does not use man's
        help to do it.

Zechariah 4:7
4:7 Who [art] thou, O {e} great mountain? before Zerubbabel
    [thou shalt become] a plain: and {f} he shall bring forth
    its headstone [with] shoutings, [crying], Grace, grace to
    it.

    (e) He compares the power of the adversaries to a great
        mountain, who thought the Jews were nothing with regard
        to them, and would have hindered Zerubbabel, who
        represented Christ, whom the enemies daily labour to
        stop in the building of his spiritual Temple, but all in
        vain.
    (f) Though the enemies think to stop this building, yet
        Zerubbabel will lay the highest stone of it, and bring
        it to perfection, so that all the godly will rejoice,
        and pray to God that he would continue his grace and
        favour toward the Temple.

Zechariah 4:9
4:9 The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this
    house; his hands shall also finish it; and {g} thou shalt
    know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me to you.

    (g) Meaning, the Prophet, that I am Christ sent from my
        Father for the building and preservation of my spiritual
        temple.

Zechariah 4:10
4:10 For who hath despised the day of {h} small things? for they
     shall rejoice, and shall see the {i} plummet in the hand of
     Zerubbabel [with] those seven; {k} they [are] the eyes of
     the LORD, which run to and fro through the whole earth.

     (h) Signifying that all were discouraged at the small and
         poor beginnings of the temple.
     (i) By which he signifies the plummet and line, that is,
         that Zerubbabel who represented Christ, would go
         forward with his building to the joy and comfort of the
         godly, though the world was against him, and though his
         own for a while were discouraged, because they do not
         see things pleasant to the eye.
     (k) That is, God has seven eyes: meaning, a continual
         providence, so that neither Satan nor any power in the
         world, can go about to bring anything to pass to hinder
         his work; Zechariah 5:9.

Zechariah 4:14
4:14 Then said he, These [are] the two {l} anointed ones, that
     stand by the Lord of the whole earth.

     (l) Which were always green and full of oil, so that still
         they poured forth oil into the lamps: signifying, that
         God will continually maintain and preserve his Church,
         and endue it still with abundance and perfection of
         grace.



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