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Geneva Study Notes
Zechariah Chapter 3

Zechariah 3:1
3:1 And he showed me Joshua the high priest {a} standing before
    the angel of the LORD, and {b} Satan standing at his right
    hand to resist him.

    (a) He prayed to Christ the Mediator for the state of the
        Church.
    (b) Which declares that the faithful do not only war with
        flesh and blood, but with Satan himself, and spiritual
        wickedness; Ephesians 6:12.

Zechariah 3:2
3:2 And the {c} LORD said to Satan, The LORD rebuke thee, O
    Satan; even the LORD that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee:
    [is] not this a {d} brand plucked out of the fire?

    (c) That is, Christ speaks to God as the mediator of his
        Church, that he would rebuke Satan: and here he shows
        himself to be the continual preserver of his Church.
    (d) Meaning that Joshua was wonderfully preserved in the
        captivity, and now Satan sought to afflict and trouble
        him when he was doing his office.

Zechariah 3:3
3:3 Now Joshua was clothed with {e} filthy garments, and stood
    before the angel.

    (e) With regard to the glorious garments and precious stones
        that the priests wore before the captivity: and by this
        contemptible state the Prophet signifies, that these
        small beginnings would be made excellent when Christ
        will make the full restitution of his Church.

Zechariah 3:4
3:4 And he answered and spoke to those that stood before him,
    saying, Take away the {e} filthy garments from him. And to
    him he said, Behold, I have {f} caused thy iniquity to pass
    from thee, and I will clothe thee with change of raiment.

    (e) \\See Geneva "Zechariah 3:3"\\
    (f) He shows of what apparel he speaks, which is, when our
        filthy sins are taken away, and we are clothed with
        God's mercies, which refers to the spiritual
        restitution.

Zechariah 3:5
3:5 And I said, Let them {g} set a clean mitre upon his head. So
    they set a clean mitre upon his head, and clothed him with
    garments. And the angel of the LORD stood by.

    (g) The Prophet prays that besides the raiment, the Priest
        might also have attire for his head accordingly, that
        is, that the dignity of the priesthood might be perfect:
        and this was fulfilled in Christ, who was both Priest
        and King.  And here all those are condemned, that can
        content themselves with any average reformation in
        religion, seeing the Prophet desires the perfection, and
        obtains it.

Zechariah 3:7
3:7 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; If thou wilt walk in my ways,
    and if thou wilt keep my charge, then thou shalt also {h}
    judge my house, and shalt also keep my {i} courts, and I
    will give thee places to walk among {k} these that stand by.

    (h) That is, have rule and government in my Church, as your
        predecessors have had.
    (i) By which he means to have the whole charge and ministry
        of the Church.
    (k) That is, the angels, who represented the whole number of
        the faithful: signifying that all the godly would
        willingly receive him.

Zechariah 3:8
3:8 Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows
    that sit before thee: for they {l} [are] men wondered at:
    for, behold, I will bring forth my servant the {m} BRANCH.

    (l) Because they follow my word, they are condemned in the
        world, and esteemed as monsters.  \\See Geneva
        "Isa 8:18"\\

    (m) That is, Christ, who did so humble himself, that he not
        only became the servant of God, but also the servant of
        men: and therefore in him they should have comfort, even
        though in the world they are condemned; Isaiah 11:1
        Jeremiah 23:5 33:14-15.

Zechariah 3:9
3:9 For behold the {n} stone that I have laid before Joshua;
    upon one stone [shall be] seven eyes: behold, I {o} will
    engrave the engraving of it, saith the LORD of hosts, and I
    will {p} remove the iniquity of that land in one day.

    (n) He shows that the ministers cannot build before God lay
        the first stone, which is Christ, who is full of eyes,
        both because he gives light to all others, and that all
        ought to seek light from him; Zechariah 4:10.
    (o) That is, I will make perfect in all points, as a thing
        done by the hand of God.
    (p) Though I have punished this land for a time, yet I will
        even now be pacified, and punish their sins no more.

Zechariah 3:10
3:10 In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, shall ye call every
     man his neighbour under the {q} vine and under the fig
     tree.

     (q) You will then live in peace and quietness, that is, in
         the kingdom of Christ; Isaiah 2:2 Micah 4:4 Haggai 2:9.



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