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Geneva Study Notes
Ruth Chapter 1

Ruth 1:1
1:1 Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that
    there was a famine in the {a} land.  And a certain man of
    {b} Bethlehemjudah went to sojourn in the country of Moab,
    he, and his wife, and his two sons.

 The Argument - This book is called Ruth, who is the main person
    spoken of in this writing. In which also the state of the
    Church is set forth figuratively, being subject to many
    afflictions and yet eventually God gives good and joyful
    offspring, teaching us to abide with patience till God
    delivers us out of troubles. In this also it is described
    how Jesus Christ, who according to the flesh came from
    David, proceeded by Ruth, of whom the Lord Jesus promised to
    come, nonetheless she was a Moabite of base condition, and a
    stranger to the people of God; declaring to us by it that
    the Gentiles would be sanctified by him, and joined with his
    people, and that there would be one sheepfold, and one
    shepherd. It would appear that this account belongs to the
    time of the judges.

    (a) In the land of Canaan.
    (b) In the tribe of Judah, which was also called Bethlehem
        Ephrathat, because there was another city so called in
        the tribe of Zebulun.

Ruth 1:4
1:4 And they took them wives of the {c} women of Moab; the name
    of the one [was] Orpah, and the name of the other Ruth: and
    they dwelled there about ten years.

    (c) By this wonderful providence of God Ruth became one of
        God's household, of whom Christ came.

Ruth 1:6
1:6 Then she arose with her daughters in law, that she might
    return from the country of Moab: for she had heard in the
    country of Moab how that the LORD had {d} visited his people
    in giving them bread.

    (d) By sending them plenty again.

Ruth 1:9
1:9 The LORD grant you that ye may find {e} rest, each [of you]
    in the house of her husband. Then she kissed them; and they
    lifted up their voice, and wept.

    (e) By this it appears that Naomi by dwelling among
        idolaters, had become cold to the true zeal of God,
        having more respect for the comfort of the body than the
        comfort of the soul.

Ruth 1:14
1:14 And they lifted up their voice, and wept again: and Orpah
     {f} kissed her mother in law; but Ruth clave unto her.

     (f) When she took leave and departed.

Ruth 1:15
1:15 And she said, Behold, thy sister in law is gone back unto
     her people, and unto her gods: {g} return thou after thy
     sister in law.

     (g) No persuasion can convince them to turn back from God,
         if he has chosen them to be his.

Ruth 1:19
1:19 So they two went until they came to Bethlehem. And it came
     to pass, when they were come to Bethlehem, that all the
     city was {h} moved about them, and they said, [Is] this
     Naomi?

     (h) By which it appears that she was of a great family of
         good reputation.

Ruth 1:22
1:22 So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter in
     law, with her, which returned out of the country of Moab:
     and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of {i} barley
     harvest.

     (i) Which was in the month of Nisan, that is, part March
         and part April.



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