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Geneva Study Notes
Revelation Chapter 3

Revelation 3:1
3:1 And unto the angel of the church in {a} Sardis {1} write;
    These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God,
    and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a {b}
    name that thou livest, and art dead.

    (a) Sardis is the name of a most flourishing and famous
        city, where the kings of Lydia kept their courts.
 (1) The fifth passage is to the pastors of Sardis.  The
    introduction is taken from Revelation 1:4,16.
    (b) You are said to live, but are dead indeed.

Revelation 3:2
3:2 Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that
    are {c} ready to die: for I have not found thy works perfect
    before God.

    (c) Other things, whose state is such, that they are now
        going, and unless they are confirmed, will perish
        without delay.

Revelation 3:4
3:4 Thou hast a few names even in Sardis {3} which have not
    defiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in {4}
    white: for they are {d} worthy.

 (3) That is, who have with all religion guarded themselves from
     sin and moral corruption, even from the very show of evil;
     Jude 1:23.
 (4) Pure from all spot, and shining with glory.  So it is to be
     understood always hereafter, as in Revelation 3:5.
    (d) They are suitable and proper, that is, because they are
        justified in Christ, as they have truly showed it: for
        he who acts righteously is righteous in the same way
        that a tree bears good fruit; Romans 8:18.

Revelation 3:7
3:7 {6} And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write;
    These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that
    hath the {e} key of David, he that openeth, and no man
    shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth;

 (6) The sixth passage is to the pastors of Philadelphia.  The
     introduction is taken from Revelation 1:18.
    (e) All power of rule in commanding and forbidding, in
        delivering and punishing. The house of David is the
        Church, and the continual promise of David's kingdom
        belongs to Christ.

Revelation 3:8
3:8 {7} I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open
    door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little
    strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my

 (7) The note of praise is in this verse of promises, and
     Revelation 3:9 to bring home again them that wander, in
     Revelation 3:10 to preserve the godly and in
     Revelation 3:11 to exhort.

Revelation 3:9
3:9 Behold, I will make them {f} of the synagogue of Satan,
    which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I
    will make them to come {8} and worship before thy feet, and
    to know that I have loved thee.

    (f) I will bring them to that case.
 (8) That is, fall down and worship either you civilly, or
     Christ religiously at thy feet (this is how I would rather
     take it) whether here in the Church (which seems more
     proper to the argument here) or there in the world to come,
     for Christ shall truly fulfil his word.

Revelation 3:10
3:10 Because thou hast {g} kept the word of my patience, I also
     will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall
     come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the

     (g) Because you have been patient and constant, as I would
         have my servants be.

Revelation 3:12
3:12 {9} Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple
     of my God, and he shall go no more out: {10} and I will
     write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city
     of my God, [which is] new Jerusalem, which cometh down out
     of heaven from my God: and [I will write upon him] my new

 (9) The conclusion which contains a promise, and a commandment.
 (10) That is, the new man shall be called after his father,
      mother, and his head Christ.

Revelation 3:14
3:14 {11} And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans
     write; These things saith the {h} Amen, the faithful and
     true witness, the {i} beginning of the creation of God;

 (11) The seventh passage is to the pastors of the Church of
      Laodicea.  The introduction is taken out of Revelation 1:5.
     (h) Amen sounds as much in the Hebrew tongue, as truly, or
         truth itself.
     (i) Of who all things that are made, have their beginning.

Revelation 3:15
3:15 {12} I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot:
     I would thou wert cold or hot.

 (12) The proposition of reproof is in this verse, and in
      Revelation 3:16 a threat while in Revelation 3:16 a
      confirmation declares the same. To faith and repentance in
      Revelation 3:18,19 a conditional promise is added in Revelation 3:18,19.

Revelation 3:17
3:17 Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods,
     and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art
     wretched, and miserable, {13} and poor, and blind, and

 (13) The spiritual misery of men is metaphorically expressed in
      three points which are matched as corresponds to those
      remedies offered in Revelation 3:18.

Revelation 3:19
3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be {k} zealous
     therefore, and repent.

     (k) Zeal is set against those who are neither hot nor cold.

Revelation 3:20
3:20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: {14} if any man
     hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him,
     and will sup with him, and he with me.

 (14) This must be taken after the manner of an allegory;
      John 14:23.

Revelation 3:21
3:21 {15} To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in
     my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my
     Father in his throne.

 (15) The conclusion, consisting of a promise, as in
      Revelation 2:26 and of an exhortation.

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