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Geneva Study Notes
Micah Chapter 1

Micah 1:1
1:1 The word of the LORD that came to Micah the {a} Morasthite
    in the days of Jotham, Ahaz, [and] Hezekiah, kings of Judah,
    which he saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem.

  The Argument - Micah the prophet of the tribe of Judah served
    in the work of the Lord concerning Judah and Israel at least
    thirty years: during which time Isaiah prophesied.  He
    declares the destruction first of the one kingdom, and then
    of the other, because of their manifold wickedness, but
    chiefly because of their idolatry.  And to this end he notes
    the wickedness of the people, the cruelty of the princes and
    governors, and the allowing of the false prophets, and the
    delighting in them.  Then he sets forth the coming of
    Christ, his kingdom, and the felicity of it.  This Prophet
    was not that Micah who resisted Ahab and all his false
    prophets, 1 Kings 22:8 but another with the same name.
    (a) Born in Mareshah, a city of Judah.

Micah 1:2
1:2 Hear, {b} all ye people; hearken, O earth, and all that
    therein is: and let the Lord GOD be witness against you, the
    Lord from his holy temple.

    (b) Because of the malice and obstinacy of the people, whom
        he had so often exhorted to repentance, he summons them
        to God's judgments, taking all creatures, and God
        himself as witness, that the preaching of the Prophets,
        which they have abused, will be avenged.

Micah 1:3
1:3 For, behold, the LORD cometh forth out of his place, and
    will come {c} down, and tread upon the high places of the
    earth.

    (c) Meaning by this that God will come to judgment against
        the strong cities and strongholds.

Micah 1:5
1:5 For the transgression of Jacob [is] all this, and for the
    sins of the house of Israel. What [is] the transgression of
    Jacob? [is it] not {d} Samaria?  and what [are] the high {e}
    places of Judah? [are they] not Jerusalem?

    (d) Samaria, which should have been an example to all Israel
        of true religion and justice, was the dirty pool and the
        tank that all idolatry and corruption was kept alive in,
        and who prided themselves in their father Jacob, and
        boasted of him.
    (e) That is, the idolatry and infection.

Micah 1:7
1:7 And all the graven images thereof shall be beaten to pieces,
    and all the {f} hires thereof shall be burned with the fire,
    and all the idols thereof will I lay desolate: for she
    gathered [it] of the hire of an harlot, and they shall
    return {g} to the hire of an harlot.

    (f) Which they gathered by evil practices, and thought that
        their idols had enriched them with these wages because
        of their service to them.
    (g) The gain that came by their idols will be consumed as a
        thing of nothing: for as the wages or riches of harlots
        are wickedly gotten, so are they vilely and quickly
        spent.

Micah 1:10
1:10 Declare ye [it] not at {h} Gath, weep ye not at all: in the
     house of {i} Aphrah roll thyself in the dust.

     (h) Lest the Philistines our enemies rejoice at our
         destruction.
     (i) Which was a city near to Jerusalem Joshua 18:23,
         there called Ophrah, and signifies dust: therefore he
         wants them to mourn and roll themselves in the dust,
         for their dusty city.

Micah 1:11
1:11 Pass ye away, thou inhabitant of {k} Saphir, having thy
     shame naked: the inhabitant of Zaanan came not forth in the
     mourning of Bethezel; he shall {l} receive of you his
     standing.

     (k) These were cities by which the enemy would pass as he
         came to Judah.
     (l) He will not depart before he has overcome you, and so
         you will pay for his staying.

Micah 1:12
1:12 For the inhabitant of Maroth waited carefully for good: but
     evil came down from the LORD unto the {m} gate of
     Jerusalem.

     (m) For Rabshakeh had shut up Jerusalem, so that they could
         not send to help them.

Micah 1:13
1:13 O thou inhabitant of Lachish, bind the chariot to the {n}
     swift beast: she {o} [is] the beginning of the sin to the
     daughter of Zion: for the transgressions of Israel were
     found in thee.

     (n) To flee away: for Sennacherib laid siege first to that
         city, and remained there when he sent his captains and
         army against Jerusalem.
     (o) You first received the idolatry of Jeroboam, and so
         infected Jerusalem.

Micah 1:14
1:14 Therefore shalt thou give presents to {p} Moreshethgath:
     the houses of Achzib [shall be] a lie to the kings of
     Israel.

     (p) You will bribe the Philistines your neighbours, but
         they will deceive you, as well as those of Jerusalem.

Micah 1:15
1:15 Yet will I bring an {q} heir unto thee, O inhabitant of
     Mareshah: he shall come unto Adullam {r} the glory of
     Israel.

     (q) He prophesies against his own city: and because it
         signified a heritage, he says that God would send an
         heir to possess it.
     (r) For so they thought themselves because of the strength
         of their cities.



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