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Geneva Study Notes
Jeremiah Chapter 1

Jeremiah 1:1
1:1 The {a} words of Jeremiah the son of {b} Hilkiah, of the
    priests that [were] in {c} Anathoth in the land of Benjamin:

 The Argument - The prophet Jeremiah born in the city of
    Anathoth in the country of Benjamin, was the son of Hilkiah,
    whom some think to be he that found the book of the law and
    gave it to Josiah. This prophet had excellent gifts from
    God, and most evident revelations of prophecy, so that by
    the commandment of the Lord he began very young to prophecy,
    that is, in the thirteenth year of Josiah, and continued
    eighteen years under the king, three months under Jehoahaz
    and under Jehoiakim eleven years,  three months under
    Jehoiachin, and under Zedekiah eleven years to the time that
    they were carried away into Babylon. So that this time
    amounts to above forty years, besides the time that he
    prophesied after the captivity.  In this book he declares
    with tears and lamentations, the destruction of Jerusalem
    and the captivity of the people, for their idolatry,
    covetousness, deceit, cruelty, excess, rebellion and
    contempt of God's word, and for the consolation of the
    Church reveals the just time of their deliverance. Here
    chiefly are to be considered three things. First the
    rebellion of the wicked, who wax more stubborn and
    obstinate, when the prophets admonish them most plainly of
    their destruction.  Next how the prophets and ministers of
    God should not be discouraged in their vocation, though they
    are persecuted and rigorously handled by the wicked, for
    God's cause. Thirdly though God shows his just judgment
    against the wicked, yet will he ever show himself a
    preserver of his Church, and when all means seem to men's
    judgment to be abolished, then will he declare himself
    victorious in preserving his.

    (a) That is, the sermons and prophecies.
    (b) Who is thought to be he that found the book of the law
        under king Josiah, 2 Kings 22:8.
    (c) This was a city about three miles from Jerusalem and
        belonged to the priests, the sons of Aaron,
        Joshua 21:18.

Jeremiah 1:2
1:2 To whom the {d} word of the LORD came in the days of Josiah
    the son of Amon king of Judah, in the thirteenth year of his
    reign.

    (d) This is spoken to confirm his calling and office, as he
        did not presume of himself to preach and prophecy, but
        was called to it by God.

Jeremiah 1:3
1:3 It came also in the days of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king
    of Judah, to the end of the eleventh year of Zedekiah the
    {e} son of Josiah king of Judah, to the carrying away of
    Jerusalem captive in the fifth {f} month.

    (e) Meaning the nephew of Josiah: for Jehoahaz was his
        father, who reigned but three months, and therefore is
        not mentioned, nor is Jehoiakim that reigned no longer.
    (f) Of the eleventh year of Zedekiah, who was also called
        Mattaniah, and at this time the Jews were carried away
        into Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar.

Jeremiah 1:5
1:5 Before I {g} formed thee in the womb I knew thee; and before
    thou wast born I sanctified thee, [and] I ordained thee a
    prophet to the {h} nations.

    (g) The scripture uses this manner of speech to declare that
        God has appointed his minsters to their offices before
        they were born, as in Isaiah 49:1, Galatians 1:15.
    (h) For Jeremiah did not only prophecy against the Jews, but
        also against the Egyptians, Babylonians, Moabites and
        other nations.

Jeremiah 1:6
1:6 Then said I, {i} Ah, Lord GOD! behold, I cannot speak: for I
    [am] a child.

    (i) Considering the great judgments of God which according
        to his threatening would come on the world, he was moved
        with a certain compassion on the one hand to pity them
        that would thus perish, and on the other hand by the
        infirmity of man's nature, knowing how hard a thing it
        was to enterprise such a charge, as in
        Isaiah 6:11, Exodus 3:21,4:1.

Jeremiah 1:9
1:9 Then the LORD put forth his hand, and {k} touched my mouth.
    And the LORD said to me, Behold, I have put my words in thy
    mouth.

    (k) Which declares that God makes them meet and assures
        them, whom he calls to set forth his glory, giving them
        all means necessary for the same,
        Exodus 4:12, Isaiah 6:7.

Jeremiah 1:10
1:10 See, I have this day set thee over the {l} nations and over
     the kingdoms, to root out, and to pull down, and to
     destroy, and to throw down, to build, and to plant.

     (l) He shows what is the authority of God's true ministers,
         who by his word have power to bear down whatever lifts
         itself up against God: and to plant and assure the
         humble and such as give themselves to the obedience of
         God's word, 2 Corinthians 10:4,5, Hebrews 4:12, and these are the
         keys which Christ has left to loose and bind,
         Matthew 18:18.

Jeremiah 1:11
1:11 Moreover the word of the LORD came to me, saying, Jeremiah,
     what seest thou? And I said, I see a {m} rod of an almond
     tree.

     (m) He joins the sign with the word, for a more ample
         confirmation: signifying by the rod of the almond tree,
         which first buds, the hasty coming of the Babylonians
         against the Jews.

Jeremiah 1:13
1:13 And the word of the LORD came to me the second time,
     saying, What seest thou? And I said, I see a boiling {n}
     pot; and its face [is] toward the north.

     (n) Signifying that the Chaldeans and Assyrians would be as
         a pot to seethe the Jews who boiled in their pleasures
         and lust.

Jeremiah 1:14
1:14 Then the LORD said to me, Out of the {o} north an evil
     shall break forth upon all the inhabitants of the land.

     (o) Syria and Assyria were northward in respect to
         Jerusalem, which was the Chaldeans dominion.

Jeremiah 1:16
1:16 And I will utter my {p} judgments against them concerning
     all their wickedness, who have forsaken me, and have burned
     incense to other gods, and worshipped the works of their
     own hands.

     (p) I will give them charge and power to execute my
         vengeance against the idolaters who have forsaken me
         for their idols.

Jeremiah 1:17
1:17 Thou therefore gird up thy loins, and arise, and speak to
     them all that I command thee: be not dismayed at their
     faces, lest I {q} confound thee before them.

     (q) Which declares that God's vengeance is prepared against
         them who do not execute their duty faithfully, either
         for fear of man, or for any other reason,
         1 Corinthians 9:16.

Jeremiah 1:18
1:18 For, behold, I have made thee this day a fortified city,
     and an {r} iron pillar, and brasen walls against the whole
     land, against the kings of Judah, against her princes,
     against her priests, and against the people of the land.

     (r) Signifying on the one hand that the more that Satan and
         the world rage against God's ministers, the more
         present will he be to help them, Joshua 1:5, Hebrews 13:5
         and on the other hand, that they are utterly unfit to
         serve God in his Church, who are afraid and do not
         resist wickedness, whatever danger depend on it,
         Isaiah 50:7, Ezekiel 3:8.



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