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Hebrews Chapter 1

Hebrews 1:1
1:1 God, who at {1} sundry times and in divers manners spake in
    time past unto the fathers by the prophets,

    The purpose of this epistle, is to show that Jesus Christ
    the Son of God both God and man is that true eternal and
    only Prophet, King and High Priest, that was shadowed by the
    figures of the old law, and is now indeed exhibited of whom
    the whole Church ought to be taught, governed and
    sanctified.

 (1) The first part of the general proposition of this epistle
     the son of God is indeed that prophet or teacher, who has
     actually now performed that which God after a sort and in
     shadows signified by his prophets, and has fully revealed
     his Father's will to the world.

Hebrews 1:2
1:2 Hath in these {a} last days spoken unto us by [his] {b} Son,
    {2} whom he hath appointed {c} heir of all things, by whom
    also he made the {d} worlds;

    (a) So that the former declaration made by the prophets was
        not complete, and nothing must be added to this latter.
    (b) That one Son is God and man.
 (2) The second part of the same statement: The same Son is
     appointed by the Father to be our king and Lord, by whom
     also he made all things: and in whom only he sets forth his
     glory, yea and himself also to be under obligation to us,
     who upholds and supports all things by his will and
     pleasure.
    (c) Possessor and equal partner of all things with the
        Father.
    (d) That is, whatever has been at any time, is, or shall be.

Hebrews 1:3
1:3 Who being the {e} brightness of [his] glory, and the express
    image of his {f} person, and {g} upholding all things by the
    word of his power, {3} when he had by himself purged our
    sins, {h} sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;

    (e) He in whom the glory and majesty of the Father shines,
        who is otherwise infinite, and cannot be under
        obligation.
    (f) His Father's person.
    (g) Sustains, defends and cherishes.
(3) The third part of the same proposition: The same Son
    executed the office of the High Priest in offering up
    himself, and is our only and most mighty Mediator in heaven.
    (h) This shows that the savour of that his sacrifice is not
        only most acceptable to the Father, but also is
        everlasting, and furthermore how far this High Priest
        surpasses all the other high priests.

Hebrews 1:4
1:4 {4} Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by
    inheritance obtained a more excellent {i} name than they.

 (4) Before he comes to declare the office of Christ, he sets
     forth the excellency of his person. First of all he shows
     him to be man, and that in addition he is God also.
    (i) Dignity and honour.

Hebrews 1:5
1:5 {5} For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou
    art my Son, {k} this day have I begotten thee? {6} And
    again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a
    Son?

 (5) He proves and confirms the dignity of Christ revealed in
     the flesh, by these six evident testimonies by which it
     appears that he far surpasses all angels, so much so that
     he is called both Son, and God in Hebrews 1:5,6,7,8,10,13.
    (k) The Father begat the Son from everlasting, but that
        everlasting generation was revealed and represented
        to the world in his time, and therefore he added this
        word "Today"
 (6) He proves and confirms the dignity of Christ revealed in
     the flesh, by these six evident testimonies by which it
     appears that he far surpasses all angels, so much so that
     he is called both Son, and God in Hebrews 1:5,6,7,8,10,13.

Hebrews 1:6
1:6 {7} And {l} again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten
    into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God
    worship him.

 (7) He proves and confirms the dignity of Christ revealed in
     the flesh, by these six evident testimonies by which it
     appears that he far surpasses all angels, so much so that
     he is called both Son, and God in Hebrews 1:5,6,7,8,10,13.
    (l) The Lord was not content to have spoken it once, but he
        repeats it in another place.

Hebrews 1:7
1:7 {8} And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels
    {m} spirits, and his ministers a {n} flame of fire.

 (8) He proves and confirms the dignity of Christ revealed in
     the flesh, by these six evident testimonies by which it
     appears that he far surpasses all angels, so much so that
     he is called both Son, and God in Hebrews 1:5,6,7,8,10,13.
    (m) Cherub, Psalm 18:11.
    (n) Seraph, Isaiah 6:2.

Hebrews 1:8
1:8 But unto the Son [he saith], Thy {o} throne, O God, [is] for
    ever {p} and ever: a {q} sceptre of righteousness [is] the
    sceptre of thy kingdom.

    (o) The throne is proper for princes and not for servants.
    (p) For everlasting, for this repeating of the word increases
        the significance of it beyond all measure.
    (q) The government of your kingdom is righteous.

Hebrews 1:9
1:9 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated {r} iniquity;
    therefore God, [even] thy God, hath {s} anointed thee with
    the oil of gladness above thy {t} fellows.

    (r) This type of speech in which the Jews use contrasting
        phrases, has great force in it.
    (s) In that, that the word became flesh, by sending the Holy
        Spirit on him without measure.
    (t) For he is the head and we are his members.

Hebrews 1:10
1:10 {9} And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast {u} laid the
     foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of
     thine hands:

 (9) He proves and confirms the dignity of Christ revealed in
     the flesh, by these six evident testimonies by which it
     appears that he far surpasses all angels, so much so that
     he is called both Son, and God in Hebrews 1:5,6,7,8,10,13.
 (u) Made the earth firm and sure.

Hebrews 1:13
1:13 {10} But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on
     my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?

 (10) He proves and confirms the dignity of Christ revealed in
      the flesh, by these six evident testimonies by which it
      appears that he far surpasses all angels, so much so that
      he is called both Son, and God in
      Hebrews 1:5,6,7,8,10,13.

Hebrews 1:14
1:14 Are they not all {x} ministering spirits, sent forth to
     minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?

     (x) By that name by which we commonly call princes
     messengers, he here calls the spirits.



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