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Geneva Study Notes
Genesis Chapter 3

Genesis 3:1
3:1 Now the serpent was more {a} subtil than any beast of the
    field which the LORD God had made. And he {b} said unto the
    woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of
    the garden?

    (a) As Satan can change himself into an angel of light, so
        did he abuse the wisdom of the serpent to deceive man.
    (b) God allowed Satan to make the serpent his instrument and
        to speak through him.

Genesis 3:3
3:3 But of the fruit of the tree which [is] in the midst of the
    garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall
    ye touch it, {c} lest ye die.

    (c) In doubting God's warnings she yielded to Satan.

Genesis 3:4
3:4 And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely {d}
    die:

    (d) This is Satan's chiefest subtilty, to cause us not to
        fear God's warnings.

Genesis 3:5
3:5 For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your
    eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, {e} knowing
    good and evil.

    (e) As though he said, God forbids you to eat of the fruit,
        only because he knows that if you eat of it, you will be
        like him.

Genesis 3:6
3:6 And when the woman saw that the tree [was] good for food,
    and that it [was] pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be
    desired to make [one] wise, she took of the fruit thereof,
    and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he
    {f} did eat.

    (f) Not so much to please his wife, as moved by ambition at
        her persuasion.

Genesis 3:7
3:7 And the eyes of them both were opened, and they {g} knew
    that they [were] naked; and they sewed fig leaves together,
    and made themselves aprons.

    (g) They began to feel their misery, but they did not seek
        God for a remedy.

Genesis 3:8
3:8 And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the
    garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife {h} hid
    themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the
    trees of the garden.

    (h) The sinful conscience flees God's presence.

Genesis 3:10
3:10 And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was
     afraid, because I [was] {i} naked; and I hid myself.

     (i) His hypocrisy appears in that he hid the cause of his
         nakedness, which was the transgression of God's
         commandment.

Genesis 3:12
3:12 And the man said, The woman whom thou {k} gavest [to be]
     with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.

     (k) His wickedness and lack of true repentance appears in
         this that he blamed God because he had given him a
         wife.

Genesis 3:13
3:13 And the LORD God said unto the woman, What [is] this [that]
     thou hast done? And the woman said, {l} The serpent
     beguiled me, and I did eat.

     (l) Instead of confessing her sin, she increases it by
         accusing the serpent.

Genesis 3:14
3:14 And the LORD God said unto the serpent, {m} Because thou
     hast done this, thou [art] cursed above all cattle, and
     above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou
     go, and {n} dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:

     (m) He asked the reason from Adam and his wife, because he
         would bring them to repentance, but he does not ask the
         serpent, because he would show him no mercy.
     (n) As a vile and contemptible beast, Isaiah 65:25.

Genesis 3:15
3:15 And I will put enmity between {o} thee and the woman, and
     between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy {p}
     head, and thou shalt {q} bruise his heel.

     (o) He chiefly means Satan, by whose action and deceit the
         serpent deceived the woman.
     (p) That is, the power of sin and death.
     (q) Satan shall sting Christ and his members, but not
         overcome them.

Genesis 3:16
3:16 Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy {r}
     sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth
     children; and thy desire [shall be] to thy husband, and he
     shall rule over thee.

     (r) The Lord comforts Adam by the promise of the blessed
         seed, and also punishes the body for the sin which the
         soul should have been punished for; that the spirit
         having conceived hope of forgiveness might live by
         faith. 1 Corinthians 14:34

Genesis 3:17
3:17 And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the
     voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I
     commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: {s}
     cursed [is] the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou
     eat [of] it all the days of thy life;

     (s) The transgression of God's commandment was the reason
         that both mankind and all other creatures were subject
         to the curse.

Genesis 3:18
3:18 {t} Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee;
     and thou shalt eat the herb of the field;

     (t) These are not the natural fruit of the earth, but
         proceed from the corruption of sin.

Genesis 3:21
3:21 Unto Adam also and to his wife did the LORD God {u} make
     coats of skins, and clothed them.

     (u) Or, gave them knowledge to make themselves coats.

Genesis 3:22
3:22 And the LORD God said, {x} Behold, the man is become as one
     of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth
     his hand, and {y} take also of the tree of life, and eat,
     and live for ever:

     (x) By this derision by reproaches Adam's misery, into
         which he was fallen by ambition.
     (y) Adam deprived of life, lost also the sign of it.



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