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Geneva Study Notes
Daniel Chapter 4

Daniel 4:1
4:1 Nebuchadnezzar the king, unto all people, nations, and
    languages, that dwell in all the {o} earth; Peace be
    multiplied unto you.

    (o) Meaning, as far as his dominion extended.

Daniel 4:3
4:3 How great [are] his signs! and how mighty [are] his wonders!
    {p} his kingdom [is] an everlasting kingdom, and his
    dominion [is] from generation to generation.

    (p) \\Read Geneva "Daniel 2:44"\\

Daniel 4:4
4:4 I Nebuchadnezzar was at {a} rest in mine house, and
    flourishing in my palace:

    (a) There was no trouble that might cause me to dream, and
        therefore it came only from God.

Daniel 4:5
4:5 I saw a {b} dream which made me afraid, and the thoughts
    upon my bed and the visions of my head troubled me.

    (b) This was another dream besides that which he saw of the
        four empires, for Daniel both declared what that dream
        was, and what it meant, and here he expounds this dream.

Daniel 4:7
4:7 Then came in the magicians, the astrologers, the Chaldeans,
    and the soothsayers: and I told the dream before them; but
    {c} they did not make known unto me the interpretation

    (c) In that he sent abroad to others, whose ignorance in
        times past he had experienced, and left Daniel who was
        ever ready at hand, it declares the nature of the
        ungodly, who never seek for the servants of God unless
        they absolutely have to, and then they flatter to a
        great extent.

Daniel 4:8
4:8 But at the last Daniel came in before me, whose name [was]
    {d} Belteshazzar, according to the name of my god, and in
    whom [is] the spirit of the holy gods: and before him I told
    the dream, [saying],

    (d) This no doubt was a great grief to Daniel not only to
        have his name changed, but to be called by the name of a
        vile idol, which thing Nebuchadnezzar did to make him
        forget the true religion of God.

Daniel 4:9
4:9 O Belteshazzar, {e} master of the magicians, because I know
    that the spirit of the holy gods [is] in thee, and no secret
    troubleth thee, tell me the visions of my dream that I have
    seen, and the interpretation thereof.

    (e) Which also was a great grief to the Prophet, to be
        numbered among the sorcerers and men whose practices
        were wicked and contrary to God's word.

Daniel 4:10
4:10 Thus [were] the visions of mine head in my bed; I saw, and
     behold a {f} tree in the midst of the earth, and the height
     thereof [was] great.

     (f) By the tree is signified the dignity of a king whom God
         ordains to be a defence for every type of man, and
         whose state is profitable for mankind.

Daniel 4:13
4:13 I saw in the visions of my head upon my bed, and, behold, a
     {g} watcher and an holy one came down from heaven;

     (g) Meaning the angel of God, who neither eats nor sleeps,
         but is always ready to do God's will, and is not
         infected with man's corruption, but is always holy.
         And in that he commands to cut down this tree, he knew
         that it would not be cut down by man, but by God.

Daniel 4:16
4:16 {h} Let his heart be changed from man's, and let a beast's
     heart be given unto him; and let seven times pass over him.

     (h) By this he means that Nebuchadnezzar would not only for
         a time lose his kingdom, but be like a beast.

Daniel 4:17
4:17 {i} This matter [is] by the decree of the watchers, and the
     demand by the word of the holy ones: to the intent that the
     living may know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of
     men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will, and setteth up
     over it the basest of men.

     (i) God has decreed this judgment and the whole army of
         heaven has as it were joined in being a part of it,
         just as they also desire the execution of his decree
         against all those that lift up themselves against God.

Daniel 4:19
4:19 Then Daniel, whose name [was] Belteshazzar, was {k}
     astonied for one hour, and his thoughts troubled him. The
     king spake, and said, Belteshazzar, let not the dream, or
     the interpretation thereof, trouble thee. Belteshazzar
     answered and said, My lord, the dream [be] to them that
     hate thee, and the interpretation thereof to thine enemies.

     (k) He was troubled because of the great judgment of God,
         which he saw ordained against the king.  And so the
         Prophets on the one hand used to make known God's
         judgments for the zeal they had for his glory, and on
         the other hand had compassion upon man.  And they also
         considered that they would be subject to God's
         judgments, if he did not regard them with pity.

Daniel 4:23
4:23 And whereas the king saw a watcher and an holy one coming
     down from heaven, and saying, Hew the tree down, and
     destroy it; yet leave the stump of the roots thereof in the
     earth, even with a band of iron and brass, in the tender
     grass of the field; and let it be wet with the dew of
     heaven, and [let] his portion [be] with the beasts of the
     field, {l} till seven times pass over him;

     (l) By which he means a long space, as seven years.  Some
         interpret seven months, and others seven weeks, but it
         seems he means seven years.

Daniel 4:25
4:25 That they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling shall
     be with the beasts of the field, and they shall make thee
     to eat grass as {m} oxen, and they shall wet thee with the
     dew of heaven, and seven times shall pass over thee, till
     thou know that {n} the most High ruleth in the kingdom of
     men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will.

     (m) Not that his shape or form was changed into a beast,
         but that he was either stricken mad, and so avoided
         man's company, or was cast out because of his tyranny,
         and so wandered among the beasts, and ate herbs and
     (n) Daniel shows the reason why God punished him in this

Daniel 4:27
4:27 Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee,
     and {o} break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine
     iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor; if it may be a
     {p} lengthening of thy tranquillity.

     (o) Cease from provoking God to anger any longer by your
         sins, that he may reduce the severity of his
         punishment, if you show by your upright life that you
         have true faith and repentance.
     (p) Allow the errors of your former life to be made up

Daniel 4:29
4:29 At the end of twelve {q} months he walked in the palace of
     the kingdom of Babylon.

     (q) After Daniel had declared this vision: and this pride
         of his declares that it is not in man to convert to
         God, unless his Spirit moves him, seeing that these
         terrible threatenings could not move him to repent.

Daniel 4:34
4:34 And at the end of the {r} days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up
     mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding returned unto
     me, and I blessed the most High, and I praised and honoured
     him that liveth for ever, whose dominion [is] an
     everlasting dominion, and his kingdom [is] from generation
     to generation:

     (r) When the term of these seven years was accomplished.

Daniel 4:35
4:35 And all the inhabitants of the earth [are] reputed as
     nothing: and he doeth according to his {s} will in the army
     of heaven, and [among] the inhabitants of the earth: and
     none can stay his hand, or say unto him, What doest thou?

     (s) He confesses God's will to be the rule of all justice,
         and a most perfect law, by which he governs both man
         and angels and devils, so that none ought to murmur or
         ask a reason for his doings, but only to stand content
         with them and give him the glory.

Daniel 4:36
4:36 At the same time my reason returned unto me; and for the
     glory of my kingdom, mine honour and brightness returned
     unto me; and my counsellors and {t} my lords sought unto
     me; and I was established in my kingdom, and excellent
     majesty was added unto me.

     (t) By whom it seems that he had been put from his kingdom

Daniel 4:37
4:37 Now I Nebuchadnezzar {u} praise and extol and honour the
     King of heaven, all whose works [are] truth, and his ways
     judgment: and those that walk in pride he is able to abase.

     (u) He not only praises God for his deliverance, but also
         confesses his fault, so that God alone may have the
         glory, and man the shame, and so that God may be
         exalted and man cast down.

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