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Geneva Study Notes
Daniel Chapter 2

Daniel 2:1
2:1 And in the {a} second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar
    Nebuchadnezzar dreamed {b} dreams, wherewith his spirit was
    {c} troubled, and {d} his sleep brake from him.

    (a) The father and the son were both called by this name, so
        that this is meant of the son, when he reigned alone:
        for he also reigned in a way with his father.
    (b) Not that he had many dreams, but because many matters
        were contained in this dream.
    (c) Because it was so rare and strange a dream, that he had
        had nothing similar.
    (d) Or, "his sleep was upon him", that is, that he was so
        heavy with sleep, that he began to sleep again.

Daniel 2:2
2:2 Then the king commanded to call the magicians, and the
    astrologers, and the sorcerers, and the {e} Chaldeans, for
    to shew the king his dreams. So they came and stood before
    the king.

    (e) For all these astrologers and sorcerers called
        themselves by this name of honour, as though all the
        wisdom and knowledge of the country depended upon them,
        and that all other countries were void of such wisdom
        and knowledge.

Daniel 2:4
2:4 Then spake the Chaldeans to the king in {f} Syriack, O king,
    live for ever: tell thy servants the dream, and we will shew
    the interpretation.

    (f) That is, in the Syrian language, which differed not much
        from the Chaldeans, except it seemed to be more
        eloquent, and therefore the learned used to speak it, as
        the Jewish writers do to this day.

Daniel 2:5
2:5 The king answered and said to the Chaldeans, The thing is
    gone from me: if ye will not make known unto me the dream,
    with the interpretation thereof, ye {g} shall be cut in
    pieces, and your houses shall be made a dunghill.

    (g) This is a just reward of their arrogance (who boasted of
        themselves that they had knowledge of all things), that
        they should be proved fools, and that to their perpetual
        shame and confusion.

Daniel 2:7
2:7 They answered again and said, Let the king tell {h} his
    servants the dream, and we will shew the interpretation of
    it.

    (h) In this appears their ignorance, that despite their
        braggings, yet they were not able to tell the dream,
        unless he told them of it.  And if he did tell them,
        they would pretend knowledge where there was but mere
        ignorance, and so as deluders of the people they were
        worthy to die.

Daniel 2:13
2:13 And the decree went forth that the wise [men] should be
     slain; and they {i} sought Daniel and his fellows to be
     slain.

     (i) Which declares that God would not have his servant
         united in the company of these sorcerers and
         astrologers, whose arts were wicked, and therefore
         justly ought to die, even though the king did it upon a
         rage and not from zeal.

Daniel 2:22
2:22 He revealeth the deep and secret things: he knoweth what
     [is] in the darkness, and the {k} light dwelleth with him.

     (k) He shows that man has neither wisdom nor knowledge, but
         very dark blindness and ignorance of himself: for it
         comes only from God that man understands anything.

Daniel 2:23
2:23 I thank thee, and praise thee, O thou God of my {l}
     fathers, who hast given me wisdom and {m} might, and hast
     made known unto me now what we desired of thee: for thou
     hast [now] made known unto us the king's matter.

     (l) To whom you made your promise, and who lived in fear of
         you: by which he excludes all other gods.
     (m) Meaning power to interpret it.

Daniel 2:24
2:24 Therefore Daniel went in unto Arioch, whom the king had
     ordained to destroy the wise [men] of Babylon: he went and
     said thus unto him; Destroy not {n} the wise [men] of
     Babylon: bring me in before the king, and I will shew unto
     the king the interpretation.

     (n) By which appears that many were slain, as in verse
         thirteen, and the rest at Daniel's offer were preserved
         on condition.  Not that Daniel favoured their wicked
         profession, but that he had respect to fairness,
         because the King proceeded according to his wicked
         affection, and not considering if their profession was
         morally correct or not.

Daniel 2:28
2:28 But there is a God in {o} heaven that revealeth secrets,
     and maketh known to the king Nebuchadnezzar what shall be
     in the latter days. Thy dream, and the visions of thy head
     upon thy bed, are these;

     (o) He affirms that man by reason and craft is not able to
         attain to the cause of God's secrets, but the
         understanding only of them must come from God: by which
         he smites the king with a certain fear and reverence of
         God, that he might be the more able to receive the high
         mysteries that would be revealed.

Daniel 2:30
2:30 But as {p} for me, this secret is not revealed to me for
     [any] wisdom that I have more than any living, but for
     [their] sakes that shall make known the interpretation to
     the king, and that thou mightest know the thoughts of thy
     heart.

     (p) Because he had said that God alone must reveal the
         signification of this dream, the King might have asked
         why Daniel undertook to interpret it: and therefore he
         shows that he was but God's minister, and had no gifts
         but those which God had given him to set forth his
         glory.

Daniel 2:32
2:32 This image's head [was] of fine {q} gold, his breast and
     his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass,

     (q) By gold, silver, brass, and iron are meant the
         Chaldean, Persian, Macedonian, and Roman kingdoms,
         which would successively rule all the world until
         Christ (who is here called the stone) himself comes,
         and destroys the last.  And this was to assure the Jews
         that their affliction would not end with the empire of
         the Chaldeans, but that they should patiently await the
         coming of the Messiah, who would be at the end of this
         fourth monarchy.

Daniel 2:38
2:38 And wheresoever the children of men dwell, the beasts of
     the field and the fowls of the heaven hath he given into
     thine hand, and hath made thee ruler over them all. Thou
     [art] {r} this head of gold.

     (r) Daniel leaves out the kingdom of the Assyrians, which
         was before the Babylonian, both because it was not a
         monarchy and general empire, and also because he would
         declare the things that were to come, until the coming
         of Christ, for the comfort of the elect among these
         wonderful alterations.  And he calls the Babylonian
         kingdom the golden head, because in respect of the
         other three, it was the best, and yet it was of itself
         wicked and cruel.

Daniel 2:39
2:39 And after thee shall arise another kingdom {s} inferior to
     thee, and another {t} third kingdom of brass, which shall
     bear rule over all the earth.

     (s) Meaning, the Persians who were not inferior in dignity,
         power, or riches, but were worse with regard to
         ambition, cruelty, and every type of vice, showing that
         the world would grow worse and worse, until it was
         restored by Christ.
     (t) That is, those of the Macedonians will be of brass, not
         alluding to the hardness of it, but to the vileness
         with regard to silver.

Daniel 2:40
2:40 And the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron: forasmuch
     as iron breaketh in pieces and subdueth all [things]: and
     as iron that breaketh all these, shall it break in {u}
     pieces and bruise.

     (u) That is, the Roman empire will subdue all these others,
         which after Alexander were divided into the
         Macedonians, Grecians, Syrians, and Egyptians.

Daniel 2:41
2:41 And whereas thou sawest the feet and toes, part of potters'
     clay, and part of iron, the kingdom shall be {x} divided;
     but there shall be in it of the strength of the iron,
     forasmuch as thou sawest the iron mixed with miry clay.

     (x) They will have civil wars, and continual discords among
         themselves.

Daniel 2:43
2:43 And whereas thou sawest iron mixed with miry clay, they
     shall mingle themselves with {y} the seed of men: but they
     shall not cleave one to another, even as iron is not mixed
     with clay.

     (y) They will be marriages and affinities think to make
         themselves strong: yet they will never by united in
         heart.

Daniel 2:44
2:44 And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set
     up a kingdom, which {z} shall never be destroyed: and the
     kingdom shall not be left to other people, [but] it shall
     break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it
     shall stand for ever.

     (z) His purpose is to show that all the kingdoms of the
         world are transitory, and that the kingdom of Christ
         alone will remain forever.

Daniel 2:45
2:45 Forasmuch as thou sawest that the {a} stone was cut out of
     the mountain without hands, and that it brake in pieces the
     iron, the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold; the
     great God hath made known to the king what shall come to
     pass hereafter: and the dream [is] certain, and the
     interpretation thereof sure.

     (a) Meaning Christ, who was sent by God, and not set up by
         man, whose kingdom at the beginning would be small and
         without beauty to man's judgment, but would at length
         grow and fill the whole earth, which he calls a great
         mountain, as in Daniel 2:35.  And this kingdom,
         which is not only referred to the person of Christ,
         but also to the whole body of his Church, and to every
         member of it, will be eternal: for the Spirit that is
         in them is eternal life; Romans 8:10.

Daniel 2:46
2:46 Then the king Nebuchadnezzar fell upon his face, and {b}
     worshipped Daniel, and commanded that they should offer an
     oblation and sweet odours unto him.

     (b) Though this humbling of the king seemed to deserve
         commendation, yet because he united God's honour with
         the Prophets, it is to be reproved, and Daniel would
         have erred, if he allowed it: but it is to his credit
         that Daniel admonished him of his fault, and did not
         allow it.

Daniel 2:47
2:47 The king answered unto Daniel, and said, Of a truth [it
     is], that your {c} God [is] a God of gods, and a Lord of
     kings, and a revealer of secrets, seeing thou couldest
     reveal this secret.

     (c) This confession was but a sudden motion, as it was also
         in Pharaoh, Exodus 9:28, but his heart was not
         touched, as appeared soon afterwards.

Daniel 2:48
2:48 Then the king made Daniel a great man, and gave him many
     great {d} gifts, and made him ruler over the whole province
     of Babylon, and chief of the governors over all the wise
     [men] of Babylon.

     (d) Not that the Prophet was desirous of gifts or honour,
         but because by this means he might relieve his poor
         brethren, who were grievously oppressed in this their
         captivity, and he also received them, lest he should
         offend this cruel king, who willingly gave them.

Daniel 2:49
2:49 Then Daniel {e} requested of the king, and he set Shadrach,
     Meshach, and Abednego, over the affairs of the province of
     Babylon: but Daniel [sat] in the {f} gate of the king.

     (e) He did not do this for their personal profit, but that
         the whole Church, which was then there in affliction,
         might have some release and ease by this benefit.
     (f) Meaning that either he was a judge, or that he had the
         whole authority, so than no one could be admitted to
         the king's presence but by him.



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