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Geneva Study Notes
1 Peter Chapter 1

1 Peter 1:2
1:2 {1} Elect according to the {a} foreknowledge of God the
    Father, through {b} sanctification of the Spirit, unto
    obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace
    unto you, and peace, be multiplied.

 (1) Peter purposing to speak of the duties of a Christian life,
     reasons first of the principles and beginnings of all
     Christian actions, rising far higher than nature, and
     carrying us also far above the same. For he shows that we
     who are otherwise by nature sinners, were through the free
     mercy of God the Father first chosen from everlasting: then
     according to that everlasting decree. We were by a certain
     second creation made his sons in Christ his only begotten,
     by whose Spirit we are inwardly changed and by whose blood
     we are also reconciled. To the end, that as Christ himself
     rose again from the dead, we also might be received into
     that same heavenly and everlasting glory.
    (a) Or, according to the purpose of God, who never alters
        nor changes the same.
    (b) That being set apart from the rest of this wicked world,
        through the working of the Holy Spirit, they should be
        consecrated to God; Ephesians 1:5

1 Peter 1:3
1:3 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,
    which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again
    unto a {c} lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ
    from the dead,

    (c) Everlasting hope.

1 Peter 1:5
1:5 {2} Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto
    salvation ready to be revealed in the {d} last time.

 (2) Now he shows by what way we come to that glory, that is,
     through all types of afflictions. Wherein nonetheless faith
     maketh us so secure, that we are not overcome with sorrow.
     But through the beholding of God himself (who otherwise is
     invisible) with the eyes of faith, we are made unspeakably
     joyful. Because all such things, as they are but for a
     time, so are they not applied unto us to destroy us, but as
     it were by fire to purge us, and to make us perfect that at
     length we may obtain salvation.
    (d) This is that time which Daniel calls the time of the
        end, when the great restoring of all things shall be,
        which all creation looks for; Romans 8:19

1 Peter 1:7
1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than
    of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might
    be found unto praise and honour and glory at the {e}
    appearing of Jesus Christ:

    (e) He speaks of the second coming of Christ.

1 Peter 1:10
1:10 {3} Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and
     searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace [that
     should come] unto you:

 (3) He makes a difference between true faith, that is to say,
     that faith which only has an eye to the doctrine of the
     prophets and apostles, and false faith. Afterward he makes
     two degrees of one and the same faith, according to the
     manner of the various revelations, when as in deed it is
     but one only faith.  Thirdly, he says that the preaching of
     the apostles is the fulfilling of the preaching of the
     prophets, although the latter end of it be as yet looked
     for by the very angels.

1 Peter 1:12
1:12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but
     unto us they did minister the things, which are now
     reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel
     unto you with the Holy Ghost {f} sent down from heaven;
     which things the angels desire to look into.

     (f) He alludes to the prophecy of Joel, which was exhibited
         upon the day of Pentecost, in the Apostles, as it were
         in the first fruits of the Holy Spirit, which this same
         prophecy Peter declares;  Acts 2:6 

1 Peter 1:13
1:13 {4} Wherefore {g} gird up the loins of your mind, be sober,
     and {5} hope {h} to the end for the grace {6} that is to be
     brought unto you {7} at the revelation of Jesus Christ;

 (4) He goes from faith to hope, which is indeed a companion
     that cannot be separated from faith. He uses an argument
     taken by comparison: We should not be wearied in looking for
     so excellent a thing, which the very angels wait for with
     great desire.
     (g) This is a borrowed speech, taken from common use among
         them: for since they wore long garments, they could
         not travel unless they girded up themselves: and hence
         it is that Christ said, Let your loins be girded up.
 (5) He sets forth very briefly, what manner of hope ours ought
     to be, that is, continual, until we enjoy the thing we hope
     for: then, what we have to hope for, that is, grace (that
     is, free salvation) revealed to us in the gospel, and not
     that, that men do rather and fondly promise to themselves.
     (h) Soundly and sincerely.
 (6) An argument to stir up our minds, seeing that God does not
     wait until we seek him, but causes so great a benefit to be
     brought even unto us.
 (7) He sets out the end of faith, lest any man should promise
     himself, either sooner or latter, that full salvation, that
     is, the latter coming of Christ. In addition warns that that
     which we are now, is not yet revealed.

1 Peter 1:14
1:14 {8} As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves
     according to the former lusts in your ignorance:

 (8) He passes from faith and hope, to the fruits of them both,
     which are understood in the name of obedience. It consists
     in two things, in renouncing our lusts, and living godly:
     which lusts have their beginning in that blindness in which
     all men are born: but holiness proceeds that the father and
     the children may be of one disposition.

1 Peter 1:16
1:16 {9} Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.

 (9) He shows that sanctification does necessarily follow
     adoption.

1 Peter 1:17
1:17 {10} And if ye {i} call on the Father, who without respect
     of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the
     time of your sojourning [here] in fear:

 (10) As before he distinguished true faith and hope from false,
      so does he now obedience, setting the quick and sharp
      sight of God, against an outward mask, and earnest
      reverence against vain severity.
     (i) If you will be called the sons of that father.

1 Peter 1:18
1:18 (11) Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with
     corruptible things, [as] silver and gold, from your vain
     conversation [received] by tradition from your fathers;

 (11) An exhortation, in which he sets forth the excellency and
      greatness of the benefit of God the Father in sanctifying
      us by the death of his own Son.  And he partly sets the
      purifyings of the law against the thing itself, that is,
      against the blood of Christ, and partly also men's
      traditions, which he condemns as utterly vain and
      superstitious, be they never so old and ancient.

1 Peter 1:20
1:20 {12} Who verily was foreordained before the {k} foundation
     of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,

 (12) The taking away of an objection: what was done to the
      world, before Christ was sent into the world? was there no
      holiness before, and was there no Church? The apostle
      answers, that Christ was ordained and appointed to redeem
      and deliver mankind, before mankind was: much less was
      there any Church without him before his coming in the
      flesh: yet we are happiest about the rest, to whom Christ
      was exhibited indeed, in this that he having suffered and
      overcome death for us, does now most effectually work in
      us by the power of his Spirit, to create in us faith,
      hope, and charity.
     (k) From everlasting.

1 Peter 1:22
1:22 {13} Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the
     truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the
     brethren, [see that ye] love one another with a pure heart
     fervently:

 (13) He commends the practice of obedience, that is, charity:
      earnestly repeating again, that he speaks not of any
      common charity, and such as proceeds from that our corrupt
      nature, but of that whose beginning is the Spirit of God,
      which purifies our souls through the word laid hold on by
      faith, and engenders also in us a spiritual and everlasting
      life, as God himself is most pure and truly living.

1 Peter 1:24
1:24 {14} For all {l} flesh [is] as grass, and all the glory of
     man as the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the
     flower thereof falleth away:

 (14) A reason why we need this heavenly birth, that is, because
      men, though their glory may not be great, are by nature
      void of all true and sound goodness.
     (l) The word, "flesh", shows the weakness of our nature,
         which is chiefly to be considered in the flesh itself.

1 Peter 1:25
1:25 {15} But the word of the Lord endureth for ever. And this
     is the word which by the gospel is preached unto you.

 (15) Again lest any man should seek that spiritual force and
      virtue in feigned imaginations, the apostle calls us back
      to the word of God: teaching us furthermore, that there is
      no other word of the Lord to be looked for than this that
      is preached, in which we must trust alone.



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