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Geneva Study Notes
1 Kings Chapter 3

1 Kings 3:1
3:1 And Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh king of Egypt, and
    took Pharaoh's daughter, and brought her into the {a} city
    of David, until he had made an end of building his own
    house, and the house of the LORD, and the wall of Jerusalem
    round about.

    (a) Which was Bethlehem.

1 Kings 3:2
3:2 Only the people sacrificed in {b} high places, because there
    was no house built unto the name of the LORD, until those
    days.

    (b) Where altars were appointed before the temple was built,
        to offer to the Lord.

1 Kings 3:3
3:3 And Solomon loved the LORD, walking in the statutes of David
    his {c} father: only he sacrificed and burnt incense in high
    places.

    (c) For his father had commanded him to obey the Lord and
        walk in his ways, 1 Kings 2:3.

1 Kings 3:4
3:4 And the king went to {d} Gibeon to sacrifice there; for that
    [was] the great high place: a thousand burnt offerings did
    Solomon offer upon that altar.

    (d) For there the tabernacle was 2 Chronicles 1:3.

1 Kings 3:6
3:6 And Solomon said, Thou hast shewed unto thy servant David my
    father great mercy, according as he walked before thee in
    truth, and in righteousness, and in uprightness of heart
    with thee; and thou hast {e} kept for him this great
    kindness, that thou hast given him a son to sit on his
    throne, as [it is] this day.

    (e) You have performed your promise.

1 Kings 3:7
3:7 And now, O LORD my God, thou hast made thy servant king
    instead of David my father: and I [am but] a little child: I
    know not [how] to {f} go out or come in.

    (f) That is, to behave himself in executing this charge of
        ruling.

1 Kings 3:9
3:9 Give therefore thy servant an understanding heart to judge
    thy people, that I may discern between good and bad: for who
    is able to judge this thy so {g} great a people?

    (g) Which are so many in number.

1 Kings 3:11
3:11 And God said unto him, Because thou hast asked this thing,
     and hast not asked for thyself long life; neither hast
     asked riches for thyself, nor hast asked the life of thine
     {h} enemies; but hast asked for thyself understanding to
     discern judgment;

     (h) That is, that their enemy would die.

1 Kings 3:15
3:15 And Solomon awoke; and, behold, [it was] {i} a dream. And
     he came to Jerusalem, and stood before the ark of the
     covenant of the LORD, and offered up burnt offerings, and
     offered peace offerings, and made a feast to all his
     servants.

     (i) He knew that God had appeared to him in a dream.

1 Kings 3:16
3:16 Then came there two women, [that were] harlots, unto the
     king, and {k} stood before him.

     (k) By this example it appears that God kept his promise to
         Solomon in granting him wisdom.

1 Kings 3:20
3:20 And she arose at midnight, and {l} took my son from beside
     me, while thine handmaid slept, and laid it in her bosom,
     and laid her dead child in my bosom.

     (l) She stole the living child to avoid both the shame and
         punishment.

1 Kings 3:24
3:24 And the king said, {m} Bring me a sword. And they brought a
     sword before the king.

     (m) Unless God gives judges understanding, the impudency of
         the trespasser will overthrow the just cause of the
         innocent.

1 Kings 3:26
3:26 Then spake the woman whose the living child [was] unto the
     king, for her bowels yearned upon her son, and she said, O
     my lord, give her the living child, and {n} in no wise slay
     it. But the other said, Let it be neither mine nor thine,
     [but] divide [it].

     (n) Her motherly affection appears in that she would rather
         endure the rigor of the law than see her child cruelly
         slain.



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