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Geneva Study Notes
1 John Chapter 1

1 John 1:1
1:1 That {1} which was from the beginning, which we have {a}
    heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have
    looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the {b} Word of

 (1) He begins with the description of the person of Christ who
     he makes one and not two: and him both God from everlasting
     (for he was with the Father from the beginning, and is that
     eternal life) and also made true man, whom John himself and
     his companions both heard, beheld, and handled.
    (a) I heard him speak, I saw him myself with my eyes, I
        handled with my hands him that is true God, being made
        true man, and not I alone, but others also that were
        with me.
    (b) That same everlasting Word by whom all things are made,
        and in whom only is there life.

1 John 1:2
1:2 (For the life was manifested, and we have seen [it], and
    bear witness, and {c} shew unto you that eternal life, which
    was with the Father, and was manifested unto us;)

    (c) Being sent by him: and that doctrine is correctly said
        to be shown, for no man could so much as have thought of
        it, if it had not been thus shown.

1 John 1:3
1:3 That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, {2}
    that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our
    fellowship [is] with the Father, and with his Son Jesus

 (2) The use of this doctrine is this, that all of us being
     coupled and joined together with Christ by faith, might
     become the sons of God: in which only consists all true

1 John 1:5
1:5 {3} This then is the message which we have heard of him, and
    declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no
    darkness at all.

 (3) Now he enters into a question, by which we may understand
     that we are joined together with Christ, that is, if we are
     governed with his light, which is perceived by the ordering
     of our life.  And thus he reasons, God is in himself most
     pure light, therefore he agrees well with them who are of
     the light, but with them that are of the darkness he has no

1 John 1:7
1:7 But if we walk in the {d} light, as he is in the light, we
    have fellowship one with another, {4} and the blood of Jesus
    Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.

    (d) God is said to be light by his own nature, and to be in
        light, that is to say, in that everlasting infinite
        blessedness: and we are said to walk in light in that
        the beams of that light shine to us in the Word.
 (4) A digression the matter at hand, to the remission of sins:
     for this our sanctification who walk in the light, is a
     testimony of our joining and knitting together with Christ:
     but because this our light is very dark, we must obtain
     another benefit in Christ, that is, that our sins may be
     forgiven us being sprinkled with his blood: and this in
     conclusion is the support and anchor of our salvation.

1 John 1:8
1:8 {5} If we say that we have no sin, we {e} deceive ourselves,
    and the {f} truth is not in us.

 (5) There is none but need this benefit, because there is none
     that is not a sinner.
    (e) This fully refutes that perfectness of works of
        supererogation (doing more than duty requires, the idea
        that excess good works can form a reserve fund of merit
        that can be drawn on in favour of sinners) which the
        papists dream of.
    (f) So then, John speaks not thus for modesty's sake, as
        some say but because it is so indeed.

1 John 1:9
1:9 {6} If we confess our sins, he is {g} faithful and just to
    {h} forgive us [our] sins, and to cleanse us from all

 (6) Therefore the beginning of salvation is to acknowledge our
     wickedness and to require pardon from him, who freely
     forgives all sins, because he has promised to do so and he
     is faithful and just.
    (g) So then our salvation depends on the free promise of God,
        who because he is faithful and just, will perform that
        which he hath promised.
    (h) Where then are our merits? for this is our true

1 John 1:10
1:10 {7} If we say that we have not sinned, we make him {i} a
     liar, and his {k} word is not in us.

 (7) A repeat of the former verse, in which he condemned all of
     sin without exception: so much so that if any man persuade
     himself otherwise, he does as much as in him lies, make the
     word of God himself useless and to no effect, yes, he makes
     God a liar: for to why in times past did we need
     sacrifices, or now Christ and the gospel, if we are not
     (i) They do not only deceive themselves but are blasphemous
         against God.
     (k) His doctrine shall have no place in us; that is, in our

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